Social security refers to protection measures or programs which are meant to promote the welfare of the population and protect against economic and social distress. The social security scheme in Kenya is in the form of National Social security Fund (NSSF) and a health insurance scheme which is the National Hospital Insurance Fund (NHIF). The Government of Kenya has made the two schemes mandatory for all employers and employees. Self employed individuals may also subscribe to the schemes.
Under the schemes, members are able to access: retirement or age benefits, withdrawal benefits, survivor's benefits, invalidity benefits, funeral grants and healthcare.